「ニュースの三角測量」

ニュースを日英仏の3つの言語圏の新聞・ラジオ・TVから読んでいきます。アジア、欧州、アメリカの3つの地点から情報を得て突き合わせて読むことで、世界で起きていることを立体的かつ客観的に把握できるようになります。それは世界の先行きを知ることにもつながると思っています。時々、関連する本や映画などについても書きます。

バイデン大統領の「米家族計画 The American Family Plan」とは?  政府が子供の貧困の撲滅に投資

  ニューヨークタイムズで経済学者のポール・クルーグマンがバイデン大統領の米家族計画が実施されたら、もはや共和党は沈没するという内容のことを書いています。ここでいう家族計画は避妊のことではありません。ホワイトハウスの声明を読むと、子供の医療費や保育園の料金(3歳児と4歳児を無料化)、食費などの経済負担を大きく減らします。主に母親でしょうが、これにより働きやすくなります。またコミュニティの大学について2年間、就学費用を無料にすると言っています。つまり、幼児と大学を合計して丸4年分、新たに無料の教育を施します。さらに子供の飢えを根絶するため、食料の不足した家族には政府が食料を提供するとしています。医療保険からこぼれる国民が出ないように、特に子供のいる貧困家庭やミドルクラスの家庭の医療保険に関して税制上の優遇措置も設けるとしています。要するに家族にとって子供にかかる一切の経費が全収入の7%を超えないことになると言います。

  以下はホワイトハウスの声明です。下線は私が引きました。

www.whitehouse.gov

 

To grow the middle class, expand the benefits of economic growth to all Americans, and leave the United States more competitive, President Biden’s American Families Plan will:

  • Add at least four years of free education. Investing in education is a down payment on the future of America. As access to high school became more widely available at the turn of the 20th Century, it made us the best-educated and best-prepared nation in the world. But everyone knows that 12 years is not enough today. The American Families Plan will make transformational investments from early childhood to postsecondary education so that all children and young people are able to grow, learn, and gain the skills they need to succeed. It will provide universal, quality-preschool to all three- and four- year-olds. It will provide Americans two years of free community college. It will invest in making college more affordable for low- and middle-income students, including students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs), and institutions such as Hispanic-serving institutions, Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions, and other minority-serving institutions (MSIs). And, it will invest in our teachers as well as our students, improving teacher training and support so that our schools become engines of growth at every level.
     
  • Provide direct support to children and families. Our nation is strongest when everyone has the opportunity to join the workforce and contribute to the economy. But many workers struggle to both hold a full-time job and care for themselves and their families. The American Families Plan will provide direct support to families to ensure that low- and middle-income families spend no more than seven percent of their income on child care, and that the child care they access is of high-quality. It will also provide direct support to workers and families by creating a national comprehensive paid family and medical leave program that will bring the American system in line with competitor nations that offer paid leave programs. The system will also allow people to manage their health and the health of their families. And, it will provide critical nutrition assistance to families who need it most and expand access to healthy meals to our nation’s students – dramatically reducing childhood hunger.
     
  • Extend tax cuts for families with children and American workersWhile the American Rescue Plan provided meaningful relief for hundreds of millions of Americans, too many families and workers feel the squeeze of too-low wages and the high costs of meeting their basic needs and their aspirations. At the same time, the wealthiest Americans continue to get further and further ahead. The American Families Plan will extend key tax cuts in the American Rescue Plan that benefit lower- and middle-income workers and families, including the Child Tax Credit, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit. In addition to making it easier for families to make ends meet, tax credits for working families have been shown to boost child academic and economic performance over time. The American Families Plan will also extend the expanded health insurance tax credits in the American Rescue Plan. These credits are providing premium relief that is lowering health insurance costs by an average of $50 per person per month for nine million people, and will enable four million uninsured people to gain coverage. 

  以下はニューヨークタイムズポール・クルーグマンのコラム。この家族計画が実現されれば数百万人の雇用が新たに生まれることになると語っています。その多くは家庭での子育てから解放された女性が占めると言います。雇用の拡大は政府税収を増やし、この政策の財源確保にもなると。子供の福祉のない国は雇用に障壁があり、経済にとって障壁となっているとします。ただし、女性が子育てをせずに、外で働くことを求められているわけではないので誤解しないで欲しいとも語っています。

www.nytimes.com